File:US government example for Goodman's new riddle of induction.pdf

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Description
English: US government example for Goodman's new riddle of induction, also showing the "projectability" of predicates being context-dependent. (1) During the period 30 Apr 1789 to 4 Mar 1797, the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces can be described either as "George Washington" or as President of the United States. During this period, both descriptions can be empirically verified as often as wished to get a high level of confidence. However, both lead to different predictions for the time after 4 Mar 1797, their first ("The US forces were always commanded by George Washington, hence they will be commanded by him in the future") and second ("The US forces were always commanded by the US president, hence they will be commanded by him in the future") being known today as false and true, respectively. (2) Similarly, the predictions "Mary Ball Washington was always the mother of George Washington, hence she will be his mother in the future" and "Mary Ball Washington was always the mother of the US president, hence she will be his mother in the future" have equally high empirical support during the period, but are today known to be true and false, respectively.
Date
Source Own work; portraits from Commons File:George-Washington.jpg (renamed to "Washington.jpg" in LaTeX source), File:US Navy 031029-N-6236G-001 A painting of President John Adams (1735-1826), 2nd president of the United States, by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845)-crop.jpg (renamed to "Adams.jpg" in LaTeX source), File:Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg(renamed to "Jefferson.jpg" in LaTeX source); flag from Commons File:Flag of the President of the United States of America.svg (converted and renamed to "PresidentFlag.png" in LaTeX source)
Author Jochen Burghardt
Other versions File:US government example for Goodman's new riddle of induction svg.svg
LaTeX source code
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% 1 year  =  60 mm
% 1 month =   5 mm

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6 January 2014

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current21:26, 6 January 2014Thumbnail for version as of 21:26, 6 January 20145,154 × 737 (297 KB)wikimediacommons>Jochen Burghardtreduced resolution of portraits, thus reducing overall file size 4 --> 0.3 MB

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